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Lagina

 

Lagina Built For Hecate (Goddess Of The Moon And The Death ), The Goddess Of Karia, Is The One Of The Most Important Karia Temples

 
Author
Life N' History .    /    2019
Address
Turgut Mahallesi / 48540
Yatağan / Mugla / Turkey
 
Gps
37° 22' 42.69" N 28° 02' 22.18" E
Lagina


Hecate, one of the most mysterious goddesses of the Greek Pantheon, was the goddess of the underworld and the moon. Hecate, the lord of the dead and believed to hold the key of Hades, was being seen along with the sacrificed dog Cerberus. It is surprising why a flamboyant temple like Lagina was built for a moon goddess like Hecate.


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The Lagina sign is visible on the right side after turning from the Yatagan thermal reactor to the separating road after 9 km.

Ironically, when considered the environmental impact of the thermal reactor, the harmed environment is in fact in harmony with the divine attributes of Hecate. Because Hecate is the Dark Goddess of the Earth besides her other features. ( It is thought to be a Carian goddess. )

The region first called Layna and then Leyne. Lagina name adopted in years. Today, the name of the region has been changed to Turgut for the memory of Turgut Reis.

Lagina which has continuous uninterrupted settlements from B.C. 3000 years, it is the religious center of Stratonikeia 12 km away and connected to the north gate of the city by a sacred way.

It is the first antique settlement area in Western Anatolia where Osman Hamdi Bey and Halit Ethem Bey, the first Turkish museologists, excavated. Osman Hamdi Bey send the rare pieces what he found in the excavations in 1891 first to the Aegean coast with animals then to Istanbul by ship. As a result of his effort, the abduction of these works abroad was prevented and the foundations of the Anatolian Archaeological Society were laid.

Today, the artifacts are exhibited in Istanbul Archeology Museum.

When you get out of the area, it appears that the settlement is actually spread out over a much wider area, where historic pieces and columns that are still waiting to be cleaned.


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Propylon

Propylon [1] is a three-digit monumental entrance gate with a half-rounded shape when you first start navigating Lagina. The gate with three entries in time and opened to the temple by ten steps is the only example of apsis [2] known in Anatolia in terms of plan.

It was built in B.C.27 during the reign of the Emperor Augustus.




Stoa

Lagina Sanctuary is a one-storey and The Doric Order It is surrounded by the built Stoa [3]

The Stoa in the west has 11 rows as seating for the spectators who were coming to watch the ceremonies. On the upper side of the seating seats can be seen the walls that surround the area.

Those who were watching the ceremonies was going from Propylon directly to Stoa passing to the seating places.




Altar

Altar, was a place where religious ceremonies and vows were performed, had U-shaped design surrounded by three sides.

The three directions of the altar are surrounded by the columns in Ionic order. Unlike the usual monumental altar, the steps are on the narrow front of the Altar.

The Altar was built during the reign of Emperor Augustus, and was destroyed by an earthquake.


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Temple

Hecate (Goddess of the Moon and the death ) and goddess of Caria is the descendant of the gods who known as the Sun Nobles among the Titans.

God Zeus held Hecate above other gods and gave her authority over land, sea, sky and underground.

Lagina built for Hecate, the Goddess of Karia, is the one of the most important Karia temples.

There is speculation about the history of architecture, It is dated to the time period between BC 200 and BC 83 years.

Built on a 5-digit infrastructure, measuring 29 x 22 and constructed from the most important architectural plans of the Hellenistic period, Pseudo-Dipteral [4], there were 8 columns on the short edge and 11 columns on the long edge.

The columns between the Temple Antes [5] of the Temples have the Ephessos type pedestal and the Ion column head, the columns around it were built as Attic-Ion pedestal and Corinthian column head.

The friezes on the columns surrounding the temple have four themes.

On the eastern front, Zeus' birth and life,
On the northern front, peace and friendship between Amazons and Greeks,
On the Western front, the war between the gods and the giants,
On the southern front, though not fully defined, the Gods of Karia and their cities.


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Byzantine Constructions and Chapel

A chapel was built with reclaimed materials in the west of Altar. Altar's podium was used as the chapel's wall, there is a Byzantine Building linked to the chapel.




Other Constructions

There are monumental collective and monumental sculptural stands in the sanctuary where sculptures of the people honored by the people were planted.

Apart from the group monuments, the existence of monuments consisting of a base column and a head is also known.




[1] Propylon : Monumental Entrance Gate to the entrance to the temple or sanctuary in Greek and Roman architecture.

[2] Apsis : Mostly used in religious areas (church etc.), a department is made in the form of a half circle.

[3] Stoa : The name given to the closed, columned galleries located next to a street or agora in ancient Greek architecture.

[4] Pseudo-Dipteral : The plan, which emerged with the removal of the inner columns from the double column sequence found in the Dipteral plan, is usually seen in Anatolia. . For more details : Pseudo-Dipteral

[5] Antae : The ends of the side walls of the temple ( cella ) where the statue of God is found in the temples. For more details : Cella
hecate, lagina, stratonikeia, pantheon, zeus, hades, Cerberus, unesco world heritage, unesco, osman hamdi bey, caria, hellenistic
 
 
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