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The Temple Of Zeus Lepsynos

The Temple Of Zeus Lepsynos


The Temple Of Zeus Lepsynos, Euromos Ancient City

Life N' History .    /    2019
Kizilcakuyu Mahallesi / 48200
Milas / Mugla / Turkey
37° 22' 27.72" N 27° 40' 30.72" E
The Temple Of Zeus Lepsynos

When travelling on Söke - Milas road ( 12 km away from Milas ) there are the remains of a majestic temple on the left side which bring a complete contrast to the nature of the place.


Zeus Lepsynos Temple is located in the Euromos Antique City and is one of the best preserved half a dozen Roman temples in Anatolia.

Between 1969 and 1975, Prof.Dr. Dr. Ümit Serdaroğlu conducted the first excavations in the field,in 2011, by the Department of Archeology at Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, the restoration and the excavation work was started again in the presidency of Asst. Prof. Abuzer Kızıl.

Although it points out the Roman architecture of the 2nd century B.C., the findings obtained by Ümit Serdaroğlu extend to the Hellenistic and Archaic Periods. These findings show the construction date of the temple, it was built by timber. It should dated at least as early as the 6th. century B.C.

The temple was built in Corinthian [1] order measuring 14.40m x 26.80mm.

The temple was designed 11 columns in front and in the rear, 6 columns besides, and the Peripteral [2] plan was applied the most preferred plan in ancient Greek period.

The Temple of Zeus Lepsynos has begun to be built but not completed. This can be attributed to the economic crisis or war at the time of construction. The difference in the thickness of some slab grooves of some columns reinforces this thesis.

It is understood that these columns are vowels in the inscriptions on the panels on the columns on the north and west facades of the temple Five were presented by Menekrates, state physician and magistrate, together with his magistrate daughter Tryphaina, and seven by Leon Quintus, also a magistrate.


The translation of one of the writings is as follows: "As Leon's son Leon Quintus Stephanephoros promised, he forgave this column, the pagan and the title.

The excavations carried out revealed the largest archaic architectural terracotta [3] group known to date in the classical archeology world, consisting of approximately 800 parts.

On the southern edge of the temple is a dark block with ears on its sides, there is an inscription in which a pair of axes, the symbol of Zeus Lepsynos, are depicted. This same figure is depicted at the Ancient Milas Gate too.

"Zeus Lepsynos" was learned through an inscription revealed during the excavation. It is said in this inscription that the temple belongs to Zeus Lepsynos and that the temple is not the only building which was given to the city as a gift.

[1] Corinthian : Decorating the head of the columns with acanthus leaves and placing the columns on a pedestal. For more details : Corinthian

[2] Peripteral : The surrounding of the temple is surrounded by a single row of columns. For more details : Peripteral

[3] Terracotta : Baked clay based, brownish red color, matte ceramic. They are widely used in making ornaments and sculptures.
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