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The Ancient City Of Euromos
 
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The Ancient City Of Euromos

 

The Euromos ancient city has been a continuous settlement from the Late Geometric Period untill the Byzantine Period

 
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Life N' History .    /    2019
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Kizilcakuyu Mahallesİ / 48200
Milas / Mugla / Turkey
 
Gps
37° 22' 27.72" N 27° 40' 30.72" E
The Ancient City of Euromos


The ancient city of Euromos is an ancient city with a magnificent view of the temple where, when traveling on the Söke - Milas road ( 12 km. To Milas ), it is definitely seen on the left but visited by a lucky minority.


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Between 1969 and 1975, Prof.Dr. Dr. Ümit Serdaroğlu conducted the first excavations in the field, in 2011, the restoration and the excavation work was started again in the presidency of the associate professor and doctor Abuzer Kızıl by the Department of Archeology of Mugla Sıtkı Koçman University.

A document about the date of the city was not reached, but the excavations in recent years show an uninterrupted settlement from the late geometric period ( 760 - 700 BC ) to the end of the Roman period ( 200 - 300 AD ).

After the conquest of Alexander the Great, the city changed hands between the kings of Macedonia, Egypt and Syria became famous with many names as Euromus, Eurome, Kyromos, Hyromos, Europos, Philippi.

Euromos is mentioned in the fifth century BCE as member of the Delian League, the anti-Persian alliance founded by Athens.


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Necropolis   /   A.D. 100 – 200

The Necropolis ( Monument tomb ), seen on the right before the entrance, is connected to the vaulted roof of 7 rooms built in the Roman period. The 1st and 4th burial chambers are two storeys, whereas the northernmost and middle burials are single storeys.

The front and side walls of the walls made of mortar and local rubble stone are covered with regularly cut limestone blocks.


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Zeus Lepsynos Temple   /   A.D. 200

Zeus Lepsynos Temple, built in Corinthian order, which is the one of the best preserved in Anatolia.

The Temple of Zeus Lepysynos began to be built, but it was not completed. Another interesting subject in the temple is that the thickness of the grooves in some columns is different from that in the columns without grooves.

The most preferred Peripteral plan in the ancient Greek architecture was applied as the structure. There are 11 columns at the front and rear and 6 columns at the side.

For further information Zeus Lepsynos Temple


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City Walls And Tower   /   B.C. 400 - 300

Just as you can see the remains of the city walls and the towers as you walk from the temple to the theatre ( The most robust part is 5 stone rows ) if you want to walk, you can find the reaching walls of 1-1,5 m in a wide area of 3 km2 .

On these walls of total length 2.5 km and thicknesses of up to 2.5 m, there are 7 quadrangular and semi-circular plan tower remains with 5 pieces on the south and 2 on the north.


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Theatre   /   B.C. 300 – 250

The theatre, which features typical Hellenistic [1] style is approximately 1 km away from the temple between the olive trees on the west patchwork. There are 5 rows of the theatre which are still directly on the main rock, while the excavations are continuing.

Seating blocks are found both around the stage and around the seats, as well as in various places of the land.

It is estimated that the capacity of the theater in half circle shape is 2000 - 2500 persons.

Despite the stage of the theatre is under the land the theatre is in a position to dominate the plain. Being a theater in the city shows the presence of a city council, as well as the city’s strength and size.


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Agora   /   B.C. 700

Continuing from Euromos to Söke, there are remains of Agora [2] 200 m ahead.

Although many coins and artifacts not give a definite date it is estimated that the settlement extends until the late geometric period. But the most intensive use was understood from the findings of the Roman period.

The Agora at 95 m x 83 m is approximately in square measure.

Although there is a field view today, there are many architectural remains from Agora which are surrounded by Stoas [3] on the four sides.

In the inscription on the heart – shaped column at the northwestern corner of Agora is being spoken that an Euromos citizen named Kallisthenes has been honored for his financial assistance to the city and of with neighboring city Iasos ( 18 km away ).


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Hamam   /   B.C. 700

Located to the immediate north of the Agora, the Hamam was constructed with mortar, local limestone and reclamation blocks. Only the upper walls of the structure are visible, which is almost lost between the grass and the trees.

In the west of the Hamam there is a place with apse [4] with similar features as the building technique.




[1] Hellenistic : The period reached to the peak by the Greek Art and Architecture effect which started with the invasions of Alexander the Great in the Ancient World

[2] Agora : Agoras are places where people come together to do political, commercial and social affairs, as well as areas where they are gathered ( Public Square )

[3] Stoa : The name was given to the closed, columned galleries, located next to a street or agora in ancient Greek architecture

[4] Apsis : Mostly used in religious areas ( church, etc. ), apse is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome ( Polygon, in rare cases it is rectangular )
euromos, zeus lepsynos, ancient temple, zeus temple, milas, leleg, caria, temple of zeus lepsynos
 
 
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