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Pedasa Ancient City
 
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Pedasa Ancient City

 

Iron Age Lelegians From The Western Anatolian Built 8 Cities On The Peninsula Of Bodrum. The Only Known Place Is Pedasa

 
Author
Life N' History .    /    2019
Address
Konacık Mahallesi, Merkez / 48400
Bodrum / Mugla / Turkey
 
Gps
37° 03' 58.67" N 27° 25' 08.84" E
Pedasa Ancient City


Bodrum - Ancient City of Pedasa built on a hill within the boundaries of Konacik, the restoration works of Athena Temple started in 2007, Athena Temple, Acropolis [1], and tombs are some of the historical sites that should be seen during the visit to Bodrum.


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Ancient City where Konacik - Ortakent Trekking Road and Bodrum Leleg Road pass through, it should be included in the routes of walking and nature lovers.

Pedasa can be reached with a 1.5 km walk since the vehicle entrance is not allowed.

Within the pine forest, Pedasa Castle, which is at a point where you can see the north and the south of Bodrum Peninsula at the same moment, it has a spectacular view especially over the evening.

Iron Age [2] Lelegians from the Western Anatolian built 8 cities on the peninsula of Bodrum. One of them the only known place is Pedasa.

As Pedasa residential area; was spread to a large region until Torba junction, Kazderesi, to north and south reaching the sea.


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Athena Sanctuary   /   B.C. 500+-

First, The Athena Sanctuary and Athena Temple, estimated was built around 500 BC, and have had a continuous use and a restoration until 100 BC.

In the area, 10 m wide antique road, Temple In Antis [3], a temple and an altar were brought to the surface in architectural order.

The steps, Altar [4] and Stoa [5] that were built in front of the Temple wall, where the Temple and the Sanctuary were re-arranged in the time of Mausolus, what are seen today.


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Tower   /   B.C. 350+-

It was first understood to be a tower feature due to the findings of the building, which was considered a part of the Athena Sanctuary, and its solid wall architecture.

In the Mausolus period, the rectangular structure of 12m x 8m, which is probably used as a military police station, recently came up with a variety of changes in the Byzantine period.


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Upper Castle ( Acropolis )   /   B.C. 900 – 700

The Upper Kale, known locally as the Gokceler Castle, is located in the very center of the Lelegian settlement, which is spread over a wide area. It is surrounded by two outer walls fortified with inner walls and towers 200 m in length.

In the center of the Acropolis there is the Admin Tower with the Megaron [6], plan, and to the east the observation tower which controls the four sides of the peninsula.

The entrance to the exterior wall of the Acropolis which has ring wall is on the south side; In the inner castle, there are two entrances from the south and north. The largest and most important location of the Acropolis gates, which have been removed from the original structure by being reduced by their late period use, is the south gate.

Pedasa excavations reveal that the first constructions correspond to the Geometric Period (900 - 700 BC) and the last constructions corresponds to the Middle Byzantine Period (800 - 1261 AD).


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Megaron Structure   /   B.C. 500+-

The building, which dominates the whole castle, was built on a bedrock measuring 7m x 13m.

When it first constructed, the building consisting of the front room and the main room was changed in the following periods, the entry on the west side of the building was closed and the main room was divided by the inner walls and a new entrance was opened from the south.

The building has been surrounded with other spaces that have workshop functions around.

The settlement plan of the Lelegian Period was completely lost in the Byzantine Period due to the intensive reconstruction.


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Walls   /   B.C. 800+-

In the south of the Acropolis, surrounded by strong walls suitable for its function, there are two fortified external walls. The fortifications built on the main rock are 200 m in length and 2 m in thickness.

The outer walls tend to have a narrow slope in the south, while the lower city turns a wide area to allow for housing and other settlement, while in the north it follows a steep natural rock uplift near the inner walls.

The lower parts of the walls reaching 4 m in places are made of large blocks and made of Lelegian weaving technique and the simple workmanship consisting of the smaller stone blocks seen in the upper parts are the result of the restoration and additions made in the following periods.

The observation tower to the east of Acropolis is still standing.




[1] Acropolis : The citadel or high fortified area of an ancient Greek city.

[2] Iron Age : Iron Age does not have a definite date, but different time periods are specified for each community. On the basis of this, the use of iron was beginning in 1800-750 BC. and it is shown as Iron Age.

[3] Antis : Temple type with two columns between the anta on the front plan. For more details : In Antis

[4] Altar : The structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes.

[5] Stoa : in ancient Greek architecture, is a covered walkway or portico, commonly for public use. Stoas usually surrounded the marketplaces or agora of large cities and were used as a framing device.

[6] Megaron : This structure, which was supposed to have emerged in the Early Bronze Age (3000 BC - 2000 BC), had a rectangular plan interior supported by columns and a smaller front yard. For more details : Megaron
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